5 Types Famous Mushroom You Need To Know- Hello everybody, welcome back with ZetiraKitchen! Today I will share about 5 types famous mushroom you need to know. Mushrooms or fungi are plants that do not have chlorophyll so that they are heterotrophic. Fungi are unicellular and multicellular. The body consists of threads called hyphae.Mushrooms have a role in decomposing organic substances.
Mushrooms began to be known as foodstuffs since 3,000 years ago. At that time, the popular dish offered to the king has mushroomed. Because of the scarcity of fungus at that time, people were forbidden to enjoy mushroom dishes. The delicious taste makes mushrooms immortalized in the form of reliefs in one part of the Prague Castle church in Saint Vitus Cathedral in the city of Prague. Besides being used for cooking ingredients, during the Shu Dynasty or about 2,400 years ago, mushrooms were also consumed for herbal treatment for kings and nobility in China. There are even some nations in the world who believe that if they eat mushrooms, they will get super strength. Like the Greeks, Russians, and Mexicans. The mushrooms they usually consume are obtained from weathered wood at the turn of the season. Chinese people from 200-300 years ago were the pioneers of consumption mushroom cultivation and medicinal mushrooms. Then the mushroom cultivation developed into Korea, Myanmar, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
The content of the fungus varies. Depending on the type of fungus. But for sure, mushrooms are a low-calorie, low-sodium, fat-free, cholesterol-free food. In addition, the fungus also has many nutrients, namely:
1. As an antioxidant
Mushrooms are rich in antioxidants. So consuming mushrooms can protect your body from cell damage caused by free radicals that can cause cancer and heart disease.
2. Contains Protein
A serving cup or equivalent to 70 grams of mushrooms, protein is contained in the amount of about 2.2 grams. You can replace your animal protein intake by consuming mushrooms.
3. Contains Vitamin B
Mushrooms are rich in B vitamins, such as niacin (B3) which can maintain the health of your skin and digestive system, riboflavin (B2) for the formation of red blood cells, and pantothenic acid (B5) which is good for the nervous system and helps produce hormones.
4. Contains Copper
One cup of mushrooms can meet 1/3 of the need for copper every day. It is very important to maintain healthy bones and nerves.
5. Contains Vitamin D
Mushrooms also play an important role in bone formation. Mushrooms contain vitamin D which can maintain healthy bones, heart, and help absorption of minerals in your body.
6. Contains Beta Glucan
Beta glucan is also a type of soluble fiber which is thought to reduce LDL cholesterol levels, reduce allergies, suppress cancer cell growth, and strengthen the immune system.
7. Contains Potassium
Potassium can reduce cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and normalize the heart rate, where these three effects will affect heart health.
Mushrooms can only grow with the appropriate environment. Like having a temperature with a certain humidity, pH is less than 7, and the environment is oxygenated. Of the thousands of types of fungi in the world, there are some mushrooms that can be consumed and are also dangerous for consumption. The following are some types of mushrooms that are widely cultivated and are suitable for consumption:
1. Shiitake Mushrooms
Shiitake with the scientific name Lentinula edodes is a fungus that originates from Japan and is consumed by many Asians. Why is it called shitake mushroom? because this fungus grows on a rotten tree trunk. Besides being cultivated in its home country, shitake mushrooms are widely cultivated in Thailand, parts of Korea, and some mountains of Southeast Asia. Shitake mushrooms have characteristics that always grow on the surface of weathered logs, have curved trunk shapes, wide open umbrellas, dark brown with old feathers with fine feathers on the top surface of the umbrella while the bottom of the umbrella is white.
2. Enoki Mushroom
Enoki mushroom has a long, white shape like bean sprouts. Commonly known as bean sprouts, winter mushrooms, or gold needle mushrooms. This fungus grows on the surface of the decaying Celtis Sinensis tree, so it is called Enokitake (Enoki mushroom). Enoki mushrooms can grow on the weathered surfaces of broadleaf trees such as Bebesar and Persimmon. In addition, this fungus contains lots of fiber, contains lots of protein and, some vitamins such as vitamin B, and minerals. One bowl of raw mushrooms is estimated to provide 20 calories. This fungus also does not contain sugar so it is safe for consumption by diabetics and can also be used as a food choice for diet.
3. Button Mushroom
Button Mushroom has the Latin name Agaricus bisporus. This fungus is a food that is almost round like a white button, beige or light brown. The mushroom button is one of the most cultivated mushrooms in the world. This fungus is also known as the mushroom table, cultivated mushroom or button mushroom which is an edible mushroom class. Button mushroom cultivation was first carried out in France, which was around 1975. Consuming this mushroom can provide health benefits because the nutrients contained can be used as a routine part of the diet. The nutritional content of button mushrooms is quite complete, which contains protein, carbohydrates, fiber and various kinds of vitamins and minerals.
4. Porcini Mushroom
Porcini mushrooms are not only healthy but also contain very complete nutrition. Mushrooms are often sold in the form of fresh mushrooms or dried mushrooms and then processed into a delicious home cooking. Porcini mushrooms often become meat substitutes for all people who become vegetarians. Biia you consume porcini mushrooms as the main food or companion so it will not gain weight. Because this fungus is low in fat and calories. In addition, porcini mushrooms contain very high fiber so that it can encourage the intestine to work faster.
5. Portabella Mushroom
Portabella mushroom has the Latin name Agaricus brunescens. Portabella mushroom is a new development from Champignon, compost mushrooms or button mushrooms. This fungus has a very low content of protein and fat nutrients, there are also vitamin B-complexes-riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenate-as well as a number of minerals such as sodium, potassium, and selenium as well as other ingredients as anti-oxidants and anti-cancer. In addition, portabella mushrooms are very suitable for those who are dieting to lose weight because these mushrooms are rich in fiber.
Besides having a lot of nutrients and benefits, you also have to be careful when consuming mushrooms. The risk that fungi can cause is that it can increase the risk of tumors. Why? Because generally, mushrooms contain agaritine, these substances can increase tumor risk. Do not also cook mushrooms at high temperatures. Because if mushrooms are cooked in high temperatures can potentially cause cancer. However, these findings were obtained through research conducted on animals, therefore further research is needed to prove the same effect on humans.